5G is the 5th generation mobile network. It is a new global wireless standard like its predecessors 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G networks. 5G enables a new kind of network that is designed to connect virtually everyone and everything together including machines, objects, and devices.5G wireless technology is meant to deliver higher data speeds, ultra low latency, more reliability, massive network capacity, increased availability and a more uniform user experience to more users. Higher performance and improved efficiency empowers new user experiences and connects new industries. 5G operates across three bands: low, mid and high-frequency spectrums, each with its own sets of benefits and drawbacks. The maximum speed of the low-band spectrum is 100 Mbps which is usable mainly by commercial mobile users who don’t have high speed internet needs. This is in contrast to the whopping 20 Gbps offered by 5G high band spectrum. However it has a smaller coverage.
The government recently revealed that 5G tech. was in its final stages of development. There is possibility that we could be using the 5G technology by the end of this year. AshwiniVaishnav, who is the union minister for Electronics and IT announced the same at India Telecom 2022 business expo.He even hinted at prospects of 6G technology in the country.
A few days earlier Finance Ministe, Nirmala Sitharaman talked about spectrum auctions related to 5G services at the Budget session. She even said that the government was planning about design-led-manufacturing which will facilitate a stronger ecosystem for 5G.
The spectrum auction is supposed to take place in August and thereafter, 5G services will be rolled out. Even the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) is in talks with the telecommunication industry regarding the same.
Earlier in 2021 the Department of Telecommunications (DoT) had said that major Indian cities could see the rollout of 5G services by the end of 2022. These include 13 Indian cities which are Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Gurugram, Chandigarh, Bangalore, Ahmedabad, Jamnagar, Hyderabad, Pune, Lucknow and Gandhinagar. 5G is expected to offer greater Internet speeds, lower latency and greater capacity for data networks.
Chances are that the prices of this latest network might not be lower than the 4G services. They are, however, expected to be similar to 4G prices.
Recently, telecom giant Airtel and IT services company, Tech Mahindra stated together that they had partnered up to develop the 5G market in India. Even Reliance Jio is in talks with South Korean Samsung to become its third-party technology supplier. Samsung had earlier helped Reliance Jio with 4G deployment. MukeshAmbani had made a statement earlier this year, that the Jio 5G network had attained data speeds of 1 Gbps. Jio is also supposed to collaborate with Google Cloud on 5G.
Through a landmark 5G Economy study, we found that 5G’s full economic effect will likely be realized across the globe by 2035—supporting a wide range of industries and potentially shooting up to $13.1 trillion worth of goods and services. This impact will be much greater than previous network generations. The development requirements of the new 5G network are also expanding beyond the traditional mobile networking players to industries such as the automotive industry.